1.1 Outstanding Universal Value :-
Jaipur is unique as one of the first planned Indian cities with its geometric structure based on western grid-iron planning, with zoning as per traditional notions, and earmarked sites for buildings and neighbourhoods designated for occupations, planned by the State. The planning was based on a response to the geographical terrain as it was set on the plains open for trade and commerce as opposed to hilly terrain and military cities of the past, as well as designed with ancient Hindu, Mughal and contemporary Western influences.
Outstanding universal value must be identified for the protection and management of World Heritage properties, as a defined list of non-negotiables. When the outstanding universal value of the property which justified its inscription on the World Heritage List is destroyed, the Committee considers deleting the property from the World Heritage List. (UNESCO, 2008) As per the Statement of Outstanding Universal Value, Jaipur City fulfils criteria (ii), (iv) and (vi) as a World Heritage Site.
Criterion (ii): to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;
Jaipur represents a unique town plan, which was arrived at after a study of several town plans around the world, as evidenced by the Hindu, Mughal and contemporary Western elements. The grid-iron plan was inspired by Western examples but enhanced with traditional zoning elements.
Criterion (iv): to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
The planning of the city provides a unique example, as it is one of the first cities in India with an application of the grid-iron pattern at a monumental urban scale, implemented for use in a planned trade city. It is in stark contrast to the medieval cities of the time, with its broad streets and linear structure, with the main markets all planned and constructed by the State in a single phase, maintaining the bazar facades.
Criterion (vi): to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance.
Jaipur has been popular as a city for crafts, ever since it was originally planned to house “chhattees karkhane” or 36 industries, many of which are traditional handicraft-based industries which still continue in various specified neighbourhoods of the Walled City.